Academic Honesty & Conduct Standards
Many international students new to UR face tremendous challenges in adjusting to American classroom expectations. Even students who are fluent in English may not be familiar with the American colloquial speech, or slang terms, used in class or discussion groups. Some students are also limited in their ability to express themselves in academic terms, participate fully in discussions or understand explanations which are provided during the early part of the term. In addition, because academic standards and practices are influenced by culture, what is considered appropriate behavior in your home country may be viewed as inappropriate academic behavior in the US. It is important for you to understand and follow the University’s standards and practices to avoid serious repercussions.
Plagiarism & University Policies
Some students, especially those who experience language difficulties, may be more inclined to quote a faculty member or published author, rather than feeling comfortable using their own words. However, unless the quote is properly cited, this practice may be viewed as plagiarism and a violation of the University's Academic Honesty policies. This may be an unfamiliar concept in some countries, but it is strongly monitored in the US. Students will be strictly penalized if they are found to have plagiarized another's work by not giving proper credit to the author. Always ask your professor in advance if you are not sure how to cite sources or give credit for someone else’s ideas in your writing or presentations.
Writing Tips to avoid Plagiarism:
- Name your sources in the text
- Use quotations around words or phrases you are using from a source
- Always use footnotes or endnotes, especially when paraphrasing
- Include a bibliography or a list of references for your work
Exams: While group work is encouraged in most classes and for many homework assignments, collaboration on examinations it is strictly forbidden (unless otherwise stated on the syllabus). Students must NOT copy or discuss answers with each other during an exam, which is considered cheating and another form of plagiarism.
Understanding the University’s Academic Honesty policy is crucial to your success here and may help you avoid academic discipline, which ranges from having to resubmit a paper or exam, academic probation, failure of a class, or even expulsion from the University. Graduate students should receive specific information regarding academic honesty from their department. To avoid problems, we strongly recommend reading the detailed information on Academic Honesty policies at the University for: